9mm Jacketed Hollow Point Vs 9 mm Full Metal Jacket

What Is Difference Between 9mm Jacketed Hollow Point & 9 mm Full Metal Jacket

What are the two common types of 9mm Ammo? Answer is: Jacketed Hollow Point and Full Metal Jacket are the most common types of 9mm ammo.

It's interesting to know the difference between a 9mm Jacketed Hollow Point and 9mm Full Metal Jacket. That can help a person to choose the right type of ammo as per their requirements.

9mm Jacketed Hollow Point Vs 9 mm Full Metal Jacket

This compassion guide will dive into the science behind Jacketed Hollow Point and 9mm full metal jacket ammo, exploring their key features, benefits, and drawbacks.

Whether you're an experienced shooter or a beginner, this guide will provide the information you need to make the right choice for your needs.

If you wnt to learn how to reload 9mm ammo, check the complete guide here.

So, let's take a closer look at the difference between 9mm Jacketed Hollow Point and Full Metal Jacket.

What is Jacketed Hollow Point (JHP) Ammo?

What is Jacketed Hollow Point Ammo

Jacketed hollow point bullets are a type of hollow point bullet. These types of bullets are commonly used for self-defense, hunting, and target shooting.

The term "jacketed" refers to the outer casing, or jacket, of the bullet that is made of a hard metal, typically copper or brass. These types of bullets are specially designed to expand upon impact.

When the hollow point bullet impacts a target, the cavity allows the bullet to deform and expand, creating a larger wound channel and increasing the stopping power of the round. The jacket also helps to prevent deformation and maintain the shape of the bullet, which can improve accuracy and reliability.

JHP ammunition is designed to transfer more energy to the target, which makes it more effective for self-defense situations where stopping power is crucial. However, the increased expansion can also result in greater risk of over-penetration, where the bullet passes through the target and potentially hits something beyond it.

Overall, JHP ammo is a popular choice for those looking for a balance between stopping power and accuracy.

What Is Full Metal Jacket (FMJ) Ammo?

What Is Full Metal Jacket Ammo

FMJ stands for Full Metal Jacket; it is a style of bullet that uses a soft core, usually, lead, surrounded by a hard metal casing. It is generally used as a ranging round and not for self-defense purposes.

This full metal jacket reduces lead residue in the barrel and helps the bullet keep its shape as it travels toward its target. FMJ ammunition is less expensive, and you may not need to clean your gun as frequently when using it. FMJ ammo performs well ballistically — it doesn't lose speed or accuracy once fired.

Full metal jacket bullets are known for their smooth performance and reliable feeding when used in semi-automatic firearms. Because of this, they are often the ammo of choice for competition shooting, target practice, and plinking.

FMJ ammo performs very well ballistically and doesn't lose accuracy or speed on your weapon. Because of this, the full metal jacketed bullet type is extremely popular, and a variety of them are sold by all major manufacturers, including the Aguila, Prvi Partizan, and Golden Bear.

Some of the common types of full metal jacket bullets are:

  • Full metal jacket, flat nose
  • Full metal jacket boat tail
  • Full metal jacket truncated cone

About 9mm Jacketed Hollow Point

About 9mm Jacketed Hollow Point

The 9mm JHP ammo features a lead bullet with a hollow point inside, but is still encased in copper; These bullets expand on impact, increasing stopping power, and are used by the military, law enforcement, and for self-defense.

Most 9mm JHP bullets come with 115, 124, 135 & 147 bullet weight.

Advantages of 9mm Jacketed Hollow Point

The 9mm Jacketed Hollow Point (JHP) ammunition has several advantages, including:

  • Expansion upon Impact: The cavity in the tip of the bullet allows it to expand upon impact, creating a larger wound channel and increasing the stopping power of the round. This makes JHP ammunition more effective for self-defense situations, where stopping power is crucial.
  • Increased Stopping Power: The increased wound channel created by the expansion of the bullet can result in faster incapacitation of the target, making JHP ammunition a popular choice for self-defense and law enforcement applications.
  • Improved Accuracy: The jacket helps to maintain the shape of the bullet, which can improve accuracy and reliability compared to other types of ammunition.
  • Reduced Risk of Over-Penetration: The expansion of the bullet can help to reduce the risk of over-penetration, where the bullet passes through the target and potentially hits something beyond it.

About 9mm Full Metal Jacket

About 9mm Full Metal Jacket

The 9mm FMJ ammunition is the most common and features a copper or other hard metal-coated lead bullet. The 9mm FMJ bullet is suitable for target practice and shooting. It is affordable.

Most 9mm FMJ ammunition weighs between 115 and 147 grams. General range shells weigh 115 grams, while the 9mm NATO weighs 124 grams, and some 9mm self-defense shells weigh even more, at 135 grams. Don't forget to check the difference between 115 Grain Vs 124 Grain 9mm Ammo.

Advantages of 9mm Full Metal Jacket

The 9mm Full Metal Jacket (FMJ) ammunition has several advantages, including:

  • Increased Penetration: The bullet's hard metal jacket helps maintain its shape and resist deformation, resulting in increased penetration compared to other types of ammunition. This can be useful for target shooting and training where penetration is desired.
  • Improved Cost-Effectiveness: FMJ ammunition is typically less expensive than other ammo types, such as Jacketed Hollow Point (JHP). This makes it a popular choice for target shooting and training, where cost is a consideration.
  • Better for Long-Range Shooting: The increased penetration and consistency of FMJ ammunition can make it more suitable for long-range shooting than JHP ammunition, designed for closer-range self-defense scenarios.
  • More Reliable: The hard metal jacket helps maintain the bullet's shape, which can improve reliability and consistency compared to other types of ammunition.

Difference Between 9mm Jacketed Hollow Point & 9mm Full Metal Jacket

Specifications

9mm Jacketed Hollow Point Specifications:

  • Caliber: 9mm Luger
  • Bullet Weight: Between 115 and 147 gr*
  • Purpose: Self Defense, range training, match shooting, Varmint Hunting

9mm Full Metal Jacket Specifications:

  • Caliber: 9mm Luger
  • Bullet Weight: Between 115 and 150 gr*
  • Purpose: Indoor & range training

Design and Construction

9mm FMJ Bullet Design

The 9mm FMJ (Full Metal Jacket) bullet is a type of ammunition with a lead core surrounded by a layer of metal, usually made of copper or a copper alloy.

This design helps to protect the lead from deformation as it travels through the barrel and provides a consistent, reliable performance upon impact.

The FMJ design also helps to reduce the amount of lead deposited in the barrel and can improve accuracy.

The length and weight of the bullet can vary depending on the manufacturer and the specific type of FMJ.

9mm JHP Bullet Design

JHP bullets come with a hollowed out center tip. Most JHP ammo is made of lead with a copper jacket.

Many hollow-point bullets, especially those intended for high-velocity use in centerfire rifles, are jacketed—that is, a lead-cored portion of the bullet is encased in a thin layer of harder metal, such as copper, brass, etc. or mild steel.

Stopping Power

JHP Stopping Power

Jacketed hollow point bullets come with great stopping power. When you hit a living target with a JHP bullet, it’s going to cause significant damage.

FMJ Stopping Power

Full metal jacket ammo does not expand when hitting the target, which is ideal for practice shooting. Instead of slowing down when it hits a target, a full metal jacket passes through, fatal on unintended impact.

Uses

JHP Ammo Use

If you’re looking for ammo with your concealed carry gun, JHPs are the right option. These bullets are the perfect choice for law enforcement, self-defense, home defense, concealed carry, and hunting. It creates a more effective wound channel & because of its expanded mass, it delivers more energy to the target than a non-hollow point bullet.

FMJ Ammo uses

It is the most used weapon cartridge in the world. It is cheap and has more penetration power than a hollow point. Because of its smooth performance and reliable feeding, FMj ammo is a choice for competition shooting, target practice, and plinking.

Conclusion

Both 9mm Jacketed Hollow Point & 9mm Full Metal Jacket have their pros & cons.

JHPs bullets are options for law enforcement, self-defense, home defense, concealed carry, and hunting. The JHP does more damage to a living target than the FMJ.

On the other hand, FMJ ammunition is a suitable option for the range to shoot static targets. Use FMJ ammo for recreational shooting, training, and different situations.

Author:
Lisa Earnest

Lisa Earnest

Feb, 11, 2023

Lisa Earnest has been a part of the Bulk Cheap Ammo team since 2018 and serves as the editor of Bulk Cheap Ammo content.

With a flair for language and an unwavering dedication to shooting sports, Lisa's diverse expertise combines to create an unforgettable experience for our audience.

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